A sugar substitute provides a sweet taste like sugar while containing significantly less calories. Some sugar substitutes are produced by nature, and others produced synthetically. Sugar substitute must be approved by the FDA.
Six sugar substitutes have been approved for use:
Luo Han Guo or monk fruit.
are examples of sugar alcohols (also known as polyols). These are less sweet than sucrose but have similar bulk properties.
Acceptable daily intake levels
In the United States, the FDA provides guidance for manufacturers and consumers about the daily limits for consuming high-intensity sweeteners, a measure called Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI). An ADI is the amount of a substance that is considered safe to consume each day over the course of a person’s lifetime.
FDA also published estimates of sweetness intensity, called a multiplier of sweetness intensity (MSI) as compared to table sugar.
Monk fruit ADI has not been determined.
For the sweeteners approved as food additives, the ADIs in milligrams per kilogram of body weight per day are:
|Neotame||0.3||7,000 to 13,000|
|Saccharin||15||200 to 700|
|Stevia||4||200 to 400|
|Monk fruit||-||250 to 400|